Outils pour utilisateurs

Outils du site


dns-blocklist-en

( 🇨🇵 Cette page est disponible en Français: Listes de blocage DNS )

DNS Block List

DNS filtering is an easy way to block a vast majority of advertising, tracking and malware sites with a minimum of effort. This is quick to setup and easy to revert.

Frankly, this is the kind of thing I would install on all friends and family computers and smartphones. This significantly reduces system “rotting” (advertising, spyware, malware, tracking…)

Advantages of DNS filtering:

  • Filters a large quantity of advertising/tracking/malware without the need for additional software (Exception: Android needs additional software).
  • Works under all OSes (Windows, Linux, MacOSX…)
  • Works in all applications (and not only the browser)
  • Under Android, gets rid of almost all advertising and tracking, including inside applications.
  • Can be setup device by device, or on an entire network if configured on your router (pi-Hole, pfSense, etc.)
  • Easy to setup.
  • Fast.

Drawbacks:

  • Does not filter everything.

You do not need to worry: The setup is easy to reverse.

As an example, a typical CNN page is 20 Mb. With this DNS blocklist alone, it drops to 10 Mb. This is a 50% gain. Not only the page will load faster, but you will save on your data and phone bills, even if you use a browser which is not capable of filtering.

List

What does this list blocks ?

  • Web advertising (smartadserver.com, doubleclick.net, googleadservices.com, googlesyndication.com, tradedoubler.com, adbrite.com, yimg.com(YahooAds)…), including site-specific domains (ad.paypal.com, ad.foxnetworks.com, ads.sun.com…)
  • Malvertising (advertising networks known for spreading malware, trojan horses…) (adshufffle.com, conduit.com…)
  • Advertising in mobile applications (admob.com, inmobi.com, mopub.com, adinfuse.com…)
  • Web analytics (google-analytics.com, scorecardresearch.com, quantserve.com…)
  • Mobile applications analytics (crashlytics.com, applovin.com, flurry.com…)
  • Tracking services (canvas fingerprinting, evercookies…).
  • Social badges and buttons (addthis.com, badges.instagram.com, badge.stumbleupon.com…)
  • Web site counters (sitemeter.com, free-counter.co.uk, webcounter.com, statcounter.com…)
  • Fraudulent or malware sites (goggle.com, googfle.com, antivirus-scanner.com, adblock.fr, audacity.fr, myfuncards.com…)
  • Popup-hell websites.
  • Non-reliable download websites (softonic.com…)
  • Sites linked to spam campains (buy-viagra.go.to, cheap-valium.polybuild.ru, forex-market.hut1.ru, norton-antivirus-trial.searchservice.info…)
  • Websites designed to shock (goatse, 2girls1cup…)
  • Domains linked to Windows 10 tracking/reporting/telemetry (reports.wes.df.telemetry.microsoft.com, feedback.microsoft-hohm.com, telemetry.appex.bing.net, statsfe2.ws.microsoft.com…)

Sources

This list is an aggregation of the following sources:

They are long-lasting reputable sources.

The blocklist is available in several formats:

URL Size Number of blocked domains Notes
https://sebsauvage.net/hosts/hosts
[RECOMMENDED]
3,1 Mb around 98'000 hosts format
Suited for Android and computers
This hosts file can be used as is in Windows, Linux, MaOSX and in Blokada and DNS66 on Android.
https://sebsauvage.net/hosts/hosts-adguard 2,6 Mb around 98'000 AdGuard/uBlock-Origin format
Suited for Android and computers
This list can be used in AdGuard (on Android) and uBlock-Origin.
https://sebsauvage.net/hosts/raw 2,4 Mo around 98'000 Raw format (just the domains, no headers)

Installation

Linux / MacOSX

You can paste this list at the end of your hosts file located at: /etc/hosts

Note: Some distributions require that 127.0.0.1 machineName is defined in host file. You can paste the blocklist after this line.

If you want to automatically update the blocklist, here is an example script which has to be run by root (you can just drop this script in /etc/cron.weekly/).

hosts-update
#!/bin/bash
# Update the DNS blocklist from the web
logger "hosts-update: Updating hosts."
tempname=`tempfile`
echo "127.0.0.1 `hostname`" > $tempname
printf "\n\n" >> $tempname
curl --fail https://sebsauvage.net/hosts/hosts >> $tempname
res=$?
if test "$res" != "0"; then
   logger "hosts-update: Failed to update hosts : $res"
   rm $tempname
   exit 1
fi
mv /etc/hosts /etc/hosts.old
mv $tempname /etc/hosts
chmod 0644 /etc/hosts
logger "hosts-update: hosts file successfully updated."

Windows

Under Windows, the “DNS Client” service seems to cause problems. It's a DNS cache. You must disable this service before installing this blocklist (run services.msc, right-clic on “DNS Client” > Properties > Startup: Disabled, then restart your computer).
Under Windows 10, even the administrator is not allowed to disable this service. Run regedit and put 4 (=disabled) in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\Dnscache\Start then restart your computer.

You MUST disable DNS Client service before installing this blocklist. You have been warned.

You can paste this list at the end of your hosts file located at: C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts

If this does not seem to work, run ipconfig /flushdns in a terminal.

Android

There are several Android applications capable to downloading and applying a blocklist. Please note that these applications use the VPN feature of Android. It's the only way for an application to collect network traffic of all other applications. You can use one of these applications:

As DNS filtering application use the VPN feature of Android, you cannot have your VPN and one of these three applications running simultaneously. It's either VPN or DNS filtering.

In each of these applications, disable the lists provided by default and add https://sebsauvage.net/hosts/hosts

Blokada main screen In blacklists, use this button to add a new source with this URL and disable other blocklists. If Blokada is killed by Android, make sure these two options are enabled.

By default, Blokada will display a notification for each blocked domain. Give it a try ! Open your favorites applications to see what you are spared of. After a moment, you will probably want to disable the notifications:

For an extra layer of security, you can use alternate DNS resolvers such as Quad9 (9.9.9.9/149.112.112.112): This resolver also dynamically blocks botnets.

Regarding Blokada:
  • I do not recommend the default blocklist provided by Blokada (Energized Blue) because it blocks legitimate websites (such as www.commentcamarche.net).
  • By default, Blokada imposes not restriction on GooglePlay, GoogleDrive and other Google applications. You should disable whitelists.

Update

I recommend updating the list every month.
Under Android, Blokada and DNS66 are capable of updating the list automatically on a regular basis.


Security

Keep in mind that this blocklist alone is not enough. You must:

  • Keep your operating system and applications up-to-date (security patches).
  • Use blocking addons in browsers (uBlock-Origin, PrivacyBadger…)
  • Under Windows, use an anti-malware (The anti-malware provided with Windows is sufficient. You can complete with a weekly scan of MalwareBytes (free version)).
  • Beware of what you download.
  • Backup !

FAQ

  • Which Android application do you recommend ?
    • The three applications are equaly good, but DNSFilter is much lighter than Blokada and DNS66. I recommend DNSFilter.
  • Why use 0.0.0.0 instead of 127.0.0.1 ?
    • 0.0.0.0 is a valid, but non-routable address. It will fail immediately. Which is not the case of 127.0.0.1 which adds some latency.
  • Why not add list X ?
      • Abusive blocking (eg. it blocks www.commentcamarche.net which is a computer science learning site.)
    • Malwares from hosts-file.net ?
      • Abusive blocking (it blocks mail.gandi.net, which is the mail server of a large french hosting provider).
  • What happens when a website is blocked ?
    • Your browser will simply display a “website not found” screen like the site never existed.
  • How often do you update your list ?
    • On an irregular basis, but a least once a month.
  • What if your website disappears ?
    • My website has been online longer than Facebook and Twitter. Satisfied ?

dns-blocklist-en.txt · Dernière modification: 2019/08/23 07:42 par sebsauvage